Categories
Coronavirus

Despite Coronavirus pandemic, Elon Musk launches 60 additional satellites in a contest to create the ‘space internet.’

The outbreak of Coronavirus does not seem to have affected the plans of Elon Musk in launching satellites.

The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Tesla stated that he would free up industries to create more room if Coronavirus results in scarcity.

He wrote on a Tweet: “Tesla manufactures cars with urbane systems. SpaceX makes rockets with life support systems.

“Ventilators are not hard, however not produced instantaneously. Which sickbays have the shortages you talk of at the moment?”

At the moment, the billionaire seems to be aiming at building his super-fast network of the broadband satellite.

SpaceX revealed in the last October that they anticipate adding 30,000 Starlink broadband satellites to the already planned 12,000 for the orbit.

Some skeptics are concerned that it might lead to a space junk crisis that might trap humanity on Earth.

Starlink is a project intending to hurl over 12,000 satellites into the Earth’s orbit to offer cheap Wi-Fi to the entire globe.

The latest permission request might take seven years to receive clearances before the particular satellites get launched.

SpaceX would not have to send off all 30,000 satellites; however, filing for them at the moment could bring to an end other satellite operators pursuing the same slots.

The first 60 Starlink satellites launched into orbit in May and already received criticism for being visible and very bright in the night sky.

The previous satellite batch launched yesterday on a Falcon 9 spaceship, and it lifted off from Kennedy Space Center of NASA in the United States of America. It was the subsequent time SpaceX re-flew a full freight fairing.

 A freight fairing is importantly a cone used to guard the top of a spaceship that breaks into half and falls back to Earth.

However, the Falcon 9 first stage landing in the Atlantic Ocean on the drone of SpaceX was unsuccessful. 

Elon Musk wrote in a Tweet: “There was an untimely engine failure on the ascent; however, it did not affect orbit insertion.”

“It shows the importance of having nine engines, through analysis required before the subsequent mission.”

Elon Musk is lucky that his space strategies have not yet received any cancelation. Meanwhile, Europe and Russia rover got postponed following the outbreak of the deadly Coronavirus.

Categories
Energy

Is it Significant if Electric Car Range Exist?

The answer to this question is not as easy as you could think.  As the electric vehicles (EVs) improve in its popularity, brand car purchasers remain slightly cautious about whether Electric vehicles will offer them with sufficient range for their distinctive driving wants.  Though electric cars have growing appeal with the purchasers of the car today, the scope of an electric vehicle can lead to hesitation amongst cons and pros before buying their first electric vehicle.  

Decided, the anxiety range relics a reasonably widespread concern with car purchasers that are still not sure if the electric car will be their future. Locomotive mass media outlets try to emphasize auto range as the most important, essential requirement when it launches a brand car. But, finally, how is the range significant.  Looking forward, how the auto will be critical in the future as a charging network (improved charging setup) is constructed outside the world. In seizures out that variety of an electric auto can be variable with the array of the old ICE (internal combustion engine) vehicle. Tesla, the firm leader, has always been on the frontline of a car of variety for electric autos.  For example, Tesla Model S is finishing in on about 400 miles of range. Hence it is close to the exact type of an ICE (internal combustion engine) van-mobile that has a gas tank, which is full of oil. Some years ago, non-Tesla electric vehicles won a paltry that ranges from 80 to 150 miles. 

The condition is progressively improving, but these days, the regular variety for a brand electric vehicle attempts to be in the small to middle-200 mile variety mark.  Okay, does electric vehicle variety matter? Yes, it depends. It is rendering to the United States sector of transportation, the ordinary American drives 13476 miles yearly. If it is divided by 365, you around 37, and these were miles that they covered in a day. When one wanted to charge the electric car each night at home, flush an auto that has 100 miles of variety would be sufficient for distinctive for daily jobs.  Alright, it is open that there are individuals who drive beyond the average speed.

Moreover, many people are eager to send their electric cars on road journeys. Fine, don’t bother for the events; if you don’t want to charge while on the road, you can apply EV chargers mainly when you can contact the massive supercharger network of Tesla. Let us face it, till electric vehicle charging develops a more universal, electric vehicle (EV) variety will remain to be the major consideration before buying a brand electric car.

Categories
Energy

Changing the new EV battery to give them more sustainability and more extended range

Ev batteries are a huge milestone in beating the use of engines that run on fossil fuels. It has changed to produce a battery that is more sustainable and with even better environmental ratings. These batteries had some components that were not environmentally friendly on their ageing.

A team of researchers from the Korea Institute of Science and Technology embarked on a task that would see a complete transformation on these batteries. They sought to replace the graphite with highly sustainable material and a biobased material in the new EV supply chain. Developing a sustainable and purely carbon-free EV engine has been a goal of the United States for both national defense and economic reasons. 

The research findings of KIST might be a breakthrough for solving the problem of carbon emission that comes towards their being overly heat. This research program is after getting a substitute for graphite on the lithium-ion batteries anodes. As a biobased program, their goal will be ensuring that they have beat the problems that come with the mining of graphite. It will be a great relief from the importation of graphite which stopped in 1990 in the USA. This idea, if it comes to be, will solve multiple problems associated with environmental pollution. 

Away from the issue of sustainability, there is the need to eliminate the limitations that come with graphite on these EV batteries. Solutions like silicon have been dispelled on the grounds that they behave unevenly, making them unsuitable for these batteries. Solving the issue as per KIST implies the combination of silicon with other materials.

Through a simple thermal process commonly applied in frying food, they dissolved corn starch in water, mixed in silicon and oil, and then heated it up. There was the formation of micro sized carbon spheres around the silicon and a layer of graphite carbon. These spheres come in to prevent the silicon from expanding when it comes to the charging cycles. Additionally, they were a great remedy to efficiency in conductivity.

From the research by the KIST team, it was observed that an increase in capacity to four times over that of graphite anodes was the way out of this current problem. Charging capacity and time increased with the batteries having the ability to charge to over 80% within five minutes. Such discoveries have revolutionized the production of EV batteries towards the goal of the complete elimination of carbon footprint.  

Categories
News Satellite Space

Dangers of Satellite Race 

It is a well-known fact that Space exploitation might be the next big thing. From more in-depth space exploration to orbital surveillance, satellites always have a place in our world. This defining streak is the most we have of any frontier in space exploration. 

According to the news that came out a while ago, SpaceX will be operating the most extensive collection of satellites in history. Up until January, the space exploration and communications agency own a total number of 242 satellites in orbit. However vast the figure is it is minuscule compared to the whopping total of 42000 that the company aims to place in orbit in the next ten years 

The race is still on as SpaceX gets one up by another backing from Amazon’s OneWeb which plans to launch a massive thousand of satellites into orbit within the coming months to provide better communication services 

While there is conventional infrastructure on the ground to provide access to the Internet, extending such services to the rural sectors is an uphill task. These projects from the massive communication organizations aim to sort the shortage of infrastructure. Rather than laying the expensive groundwork to spread Internet access, communications will are transmittable across wireless systems placed in orbit. The project holds much promise both as an innovation frontier and as a business model 

However good the project is, security is still an essential part. Despite the advantages, the project faces a problem of limited cybersecurity regulations. The project opens up many opportunities both for the business entity and cyber attacker 

Among one of the possible areas of conflict is the concept of business and supply chain management. Hackers can quickly get access to transport routes is available in the worldwide Internet connection. The setup makes it easy for hackers to access secret information and tamper with it for their advantage 

More than this, hackers can quickly get access to such satellites and choose to shut them down causing a massive inconvenience for the activities that require the spacecraft to run 

However, the most dangerous prospect for hackers is a physical attack. The orbital satellites, while in space, need quick maneuverability to get out of possible clashes with other satellites. This ability to move is provided directly by a set of thrusters that launch the orbiting vehicle on a different path that would be fatal. These thrusters, however, turn the satellites into possible projectiles. Hackers can get full access to the orbiting vehicles and launch the satellites as projectiles capable of bringing massive destruction

Categories
Energy News Space

The development of Electricity created out of ‘thin air’ helps in the creation of clean energy

Researchers from the University of Massachusetts Amherst have invented a device that uses a naturally occurring protein to make Electricity from vapor present in the air. They say that new technology has positive impacts on the future of reusable energy, climatic changes, and the future of curatives. 

According to a report published to Nature, testing facilities of Jun Yao, an electrical expert and his colleague, Derek Lovley, a microbiologist, have developed a device they term as ‘Air-gen.’ In other words, a generator powered by air. The device has a protein that conducts electricity by the use of nanowires produced by the microbe Geobacter. The Air-Gen links to the protein nanowires in a way that electric current originates from water haze present in the atmosphere occurring naturally. 

Yao stated that they are trying to make Electricity out of ‘thin air.’ The Air-gen generates pure energy that is available throughout. His colleague, Lovely, who has specialized in sustainable biology-based electronic sources over the last three decades, said that the application of protein nanowires in making Electricity is a unique invention to him. 

The existing technology made in the experiment facility of Yao is environment-friendly. It can produce electricity even in locations that have very low vapor, for instance, Sahara Desert. It has significant impacts on other types of reusable energy, such as solar and wind. Lovely states that unlike other sources of energy, the Air-gen does not use light from the solar or wind to perform its function. It can as well perform its work indoors.

The Air-gen equipment needs only a thin film of protein nanowires that are less than 10 microns thick. The base of the film sits on a conductor as the smaller electrode that lids a section of the nanowire rests on the top. The film adsorbs water moisture from the space. A mixture of electrical conductivity and superficial interaction of the protein nanowires, doubled with the exceptional openings between the nanowires within the film, creates an environment that aid in producing Electricity between the two conductors.

According to the study, the present group of Air-gen equipment the ability to generate Electricity to small integrated circuit technology. They anticipate bringing the discovery to the business market in a little while. They plan to make a small Air-gen’ patch’ that can provide Electricity to wearable like health and fitness screens as well as smart wristwatches. This will help get rid of the need to use old-fashioned batteries. Lastly, they plan to apply Air-gen technology to cell phones as a way of eradicating episodic charging. 

Categories
Energy NASA News Space

Langley of NASA agency emphasizes fresh programmed intended to study clouds to enhance the forecasts

HAMPTON- scientists with Langley Research Center of NASA are operating for more precise weather predictions, many credits to the clouds.

It is part of the initial field campaign of NASA to gather far-reaching clouds data in a single area.

It is referred to as ACTIVATE standing for Aerosol Cloud Meteorology Interactions over the Western Atlantic Experiment.

Langley of NASA will launch two spaceships simultaneously for three years to gather scientific information to assist in better understanding our weather patterns and atmosphere.

Armin Sorooshian, who is the NASA ACTIVATE operation principal investigator, stated that one of the genuinely crucial things done by clouds is that they affect the energy balance of Earth, resulting in the cooling and the heating amount we get.

The leaders at NASA Langley Research Center brought together their sharpest minds to supervise and learn how minute atmospheric particles named aerosols influence the development and development of clouds.

Sorooshian states that an improbability arrives with how to forecast the forthcoming climate, and that has to do with clouds.

The scientists anticipate collecting close to 1,200 data flight hours throughout six flight operations in the next three years. Means to the service are corresponding flights between HU-25 Falcon of NASA and King Airplane. The Falcon would hover under and through the clouds, where tools would collect surrounding air samples. King Air would hover beyond the clouds and obtain measurements with distant dripstones and sensors. 

They would be operating with two planes flying below and above the clouds. Every aircraft posses a unique set of instruments and probes on the exterior to measure, and in the interior, the crafts are stocked full of tools and sufficient power to light your house. 

Jonathan Hair, who is the project scientist, stated that having the plane out there provides them with data sets that they could operate with much more detailed measurements set.

Luke Ziemba, who is a research scientist, confirms that it is much thrilling and much uneasy and full of fretfulness. They have a minute time window, which they could make measurements, and due to this, they have to ensure that everything is operating simultaneously and ensure that they are putting the craft in the correct place to get the science they require. 

This project is dated five years old. The initial year was for the preparation of the program. They are precisely at the center of the three years they will be used to pilot the aircraft.

Categories
News Satellite Space

Next-generation high capacity rockets are here now 

A new 3.5-meter Long March 7A rocket was launched attached to China’s Tianzhou-1 cargo vessel in 2017 was collected by Yuanwang-21. The Long March 7 B rocket will now be ready to commence spaceship missions in higher orbits as the first Long March 7 rockets are deployed into low-earth orbit (LEO). 

The Long March 7A is equipped with a third additional booster from the Long March 3B with liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen that raises payloads in geostationary transfer orbits (GTO) between ranges of 5.5 to 7 tonnes. The space exploration program in China has secretly begun plans for launching a new generation of long-march spacecraft to improve space ability and pursue more significant projects.

The Long March launch vehicles would help to build the proposed space plant in the region, deploy full telecommunications satellites and, if necessary, try to achieve upright dropdowns in the 9-style Falcon program. The occurrence marks the spectacular and efficient restoration to the operation of the most massive spacecraft in the world, the Long March 5, at the end of December 2019. 

Despite the Long March 7A’s upgrade to raise the carrying burdens of 5.5 and 7 metric tons, the rocket will still need assistance to reach into the geostationary transfer orbits (GTO). This is with its third phase of liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen from the original Long March 3B. 

Satellites may be fixed on a location on the planet in geostationary orbits while the planet is revolving. Such orbits are valuable for TV satellites, other spacecraft, environmental observation satellites, and earlier satellites to identify tell-tale. Such trajectories are helpful for ground stations, meteorological testing satellites, and early-warning satellite systems that can recognize the telling signs of ballistic missile launches.

The modules are currently at the Wenchang Satellite Launch Centre in the southern China Sea on the island of Hainan, in which they are mounted vertically in anticipation of their launch.

About March, the rocket is expected to be released from the coast of Wancang, because it needs to ascend until Long March 5B launch in April, with the payload being the enigmatic “new technology satellite-6.” The rocket could come to substitute Long March 3B, which is now deploying on deep inland Xichang and often threatening villages.

Additional Chinese rockets are to be evaluated by business associates in the coming future. Three solid thrusting rockets— China Rocket Co. Jielong-2, TheKuaizhou-11 rocket, is to be lifted in 2020 and is on construction by CASIC Defence contractor and the private Ceres-1 venture, Galactic Power.